Mosaics is a very ancient form of art going back to 4000 years or more and has. Through centuries. Developed from crude pebbled pavements to an art form with precise geometric patterns and detailed scenes of people and animals. Its development has passed through the Graeco-Roman period and made a prominent resurgence from the 5th century A.D..Centered in Byzantine period (now Istanbul -Turkey) when this form of art took on new characteristics. Which included eastern influences in styles and the use of special glass tesserae called Smalti made in northern Italy. The moors brought Islamic mosaic and tile art to western europe around the 8th century A.D. And to this day examples can be seen in
Spain at the great mosque at Cordoba and the Alhambra palace.
The art nouveau movement also embraced mosaic art. In Barcelona. Antoni Gaudi with Joseph Maria Jujol produced the stunning ceramic mosaics of Guell park in the first two decades of the 20th century. They also incorporated the broken crockery and other found objects, a revolutionary idea in formal art and architecture. Another very influential site is the La Maison Picassiette (Northern France) the idiosyncratic work of Raymonde Isidore between 1938 — 1964. Who covered his entire house with mosaics of broken crockery. To this day mosaic is in a healthy state despite a tendency for it to be thought of more as a work of crafts-people than artists. Perhaps this is a difficulty in accepting the fact that mosaics often have dual functions. e.g. As flooring and also because it is a very accessible, non-elitist form of creativity.